Lying within the Indomalaya ecozone, India hosts significant biodiversity; it is home to 7. Overall, 33 percent of Indian plant species are endemic. There are the tropical rainforests of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India, and the coniferous forest of the Himalayas. Between these extremes lie the sal-dominated moist deciduous forest of eastern India; teak-dominated dry deciduous forest of central and southern India; and the babul-dominated thorn forest of the central Deccan and western Gangetic plain. Important Indian trees include the medicinal neem, widely used in rural herbal remedies. The pipal fig tree, shown on the seals of Mohenjo-daro , shaded the Gautama Buddha as he sought enlightenment.
Indian Wedding Traditions, Hindu Wedding Traditions
Thomas Christians came into a lifelong relationship with the Church of the East [ citation needed ], which was also established by Thomas the apostle according to early Christian writings. The Primate or Metropolitan of Persia consecrated bishops for the Indian Church, which brought it indirectly under the control of Seleucia. This is the original Christian church in what was once Parthia: The See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon developing within the Persian Empire, at the east of the Christian world, rapidly took a different course from other Eastern Christians.
The persecuted Christians and even Bishops, at least on two occasions, sought an asylum in Malabar. Thomas Mount and throughout Malabar coast has inscriptions in Pahlavi and Syriac.
The Saint Thomas Christian denominations are traditional Christian denominations from Kerala, India, who trace their origins to the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century. They are also known as “Nasranis” as well. The Syriac term “Nasrani” is still used by St. Thomas Christians in Kerala.. For the first 15 centuries, they had their own leaders to whom they were.
The initial run was between Kuala Lumpur to Ipoh with a travel time of just over 2 hours. With the completion of the railway electrification and double-tracking from Padang Besar to Gemas , the ETS has been extended to the rest of the electrified line, offering fast connection between destinations with travel time comparable to or even faster than a bus. However, the introduction of the ETS spelled the end of diesel train services including sleeper services on the electrified line. The southern unelectrified line between Gemas and Johor Bahru is still served by diesel trains with only 2nd class seats.
A change of trains between the ETS and diesel trains is required to continue north or south of Gemas. The original “Jungle Train” is the slow daytime service which stops at every station every min or so.
Reproduction of a map of the city of Batavia c. Investment in these expeditions was a very high-risk venture, not only because of the usual dangers of piracy, disease and shipwreck, but also because the interplay of inelastic demand and relatively elastic supply  of spices could make prices tumble at just the wrong moment, thereby ruining prospects of profitability.
To manage such risk the forming of a cartel to control supply would seem logical.
Identification. It is said that the mainland portion of what is now Tanzania was named by a British civil servant in , from the Swahili words tanga (sail) and nyika (bright arid plain). Thus what was known formerly as German East Africa became Tanganyika Territory.
It is said that the mainland portion of what is now Tanzania was named by a British civil servant in , from the Swahili words tanga sail and nyika bright arid plain. In , Tanganyika was joined with Zanzibar, an offshore archipelago of islands, to form the present United Republic of Tanzania. Because of a unique combination of historic and cultural factors, Tanzanians share strong feelings of national pride and cohesion.
This sense of nationalism has served to keep the country at peace for over two decades, while most of its neighbors have been involved intermittently in catastrophically destructive civil and cross-border wars. Tanzanians have been able to resolve most internal problems without resorting to violence because of a shared language, the lack of political or economic dominance by any ethnic group, and the strong leadership provided by Julius Nyerere — , the first president of Tanzania.
At the same time, however, repressive, corrupting influences emanating from the colonial, socialist, and capitalist eras have fostered among many Tanzanians an attitude of dependency and fatalistic resignation that helps keep the country one of the poorest in the world. Covering approximately , square miles , square kilometers —an area about one and one-half times the size of Texas, Tanzania lies on the east coast of Africa, just south of the equator.
Tanzania also shares three great lakes—Victoria, Tanganyika, and Malawi—with its neighbors.
Cultural Group Guides
Controversy[ edit ] Anthropologist Helen Fisher in What happens in the dating world can reflect larger currents within popular culture. For example, when the book The Rules appeared, it touched off media controversy about how men and women should relate to each other, with different positions taken by New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd  and British writer Kira Cochrane of The Guardian. Sara McCorquodale suggests that women meeting strangers on dates meet initially in busy public places, share details of upcoming dates with friends or family so they know where they’ll be and who they’ll be with, avoid revealing one’s surname or address, and conducting searches on them on the Internet prior to the date.
Don’t leave drinks unattended; have an exit plan if things go badly; and ask a friend to call you on your cell phone an hour into the date to ask how it’s going. If you explain beautifully, a woman does not look to see whether you are handsome or not — but listens more, so you can win her heart. That is why I advise our boys to read stories and watch movies more and to learn more beautiful phrases to tell girls.
Culture of Thailand – history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family Sa-Th.
A Abbreviations This information is included in Appendix A: Abbreviations , which includes all abbreviations and acronyms used in the Factbook, with their expansions. Acronyms An acronym is an abbreviation coined from the initial letter of each successive word in a term or phrase. In general, an acronym made up of more than the first letter of the major words in the expanded form is rendered with only an initial capital letter Comsat from Communications Satellite Corporation; an exception would be NAM from Nonaligned Movement.
Administrative divisions This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted.
Thomas Christian families who claim their descent from ancestors who were baptized by Apostle Thomas are found all over Kerala. Thomas Christians were classified into the social status system according to their professions with special privileges for trade granted by the benevolent kings who ruled the area. After the 8th century when Hindu Kingdoms came to sway, Christians were expected to strictly abide by stringent rules pertaining to caste and religion.
This became a matter of survival.
Other articles where American colonies is discussed: United States: Colonial America to The English colonization of North America was but one chapter in the larger story of European expansion throughout the globe. The Portuguese, beginning with a voyage to Porto Santo off the coast of West Africa in , were.
These reminders reveal themselves like threads woven through the fabric of daily life – my neighbour lighting incense before an altar, the new year timed to the lunar calendar, even the concern for departed atmans souls as echoed in the observance of the Hungry Ghost Festival. To be sure, similar beliefs and practices can arise across cultures. The batik designs worn by stewardesses aboard Singapore Airlines bore an unmistakable Indian stamp.
The Buddhist religion was, of course, the most obvious Indian export. There were other deities like Ganesha in Thailand, which were clearly of Hindu origin. Of course, Buddhism was itself an artificially separated religion; its concepts flew seamlessly from the earlier streams of thought enshrined in the Vedas. But the biggest Indic influence I saw was in the diffusion of Sanskrit into the languages of the region. Bahasa, bumiputera, samudra, rasa, jaya and raja were just a few of many Malay words that were rooted in Sanskrit.
And yet , to my surprise, the museums I visited in Malaysia were more focused on European colonial powers, which became significant only during the last years. As I began researching for my book on the educational heritage of ancient India, I discovered that Indian knowledge had far-reaching impact. Universities were scattered over the entire land of India. There was of course, the famous Nalanda in the fifth century AD and Takshashila a thousand years earlier, but apart from these, there were scores of forest universities, temple universities and campuses of learned men and women dating back more than 5, years.
Famous Chinese students later professors such as Fa-Hien fifth century AD , Xuanzhang and Yijing both from seventh century AD have left behind detailed accounts of the educational ecosystem of India.
Siamese, Central Tai Orientation Identification. The name “Thailand” is associated with the dominant ethnic group, Thai. Thailand was never under European colonial rule.
The Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; VOC) was an early megacorporation, founded by a government-directed amalgamation of several rival Dutch trading companies (the so-called voorcompagnieën or pre-companies) in the early 17th century. It was originally established, on 20 March , as a chartered company to trade with India and Indianized Southeast .
Somalia was known to the ancient Egyptians as the Land of Punt. They valued its trees which produced the aromatic gum resins frankincense and myrrh. Punt is also mentioned in the Bible, and ancient Romans called it Cape Aromatica. Somalia is named for the legendary father of the Somali people, Samaal or Samale. The Somali people share a common language, Somali, and most are Muslims of the Sunni sect. Somalis also live in northern Kenya; in the Ogaden region of eastern Ethiopia; and in Djibouti, to the northwest of Somalia.
In spite of national boundaries, all Somalis consider themselves one people. This unity makes them one of Africa’s largest ethnic groups. It is bordered on the north by the Gulf of Aden, on the east by the Indian Ocean, on the southwest by Kenya, and on the west and northwest by Ethiopia and Djibouti.